Causes of tonsillitis are either viral or bacterial in origin.
Just like sore throat, the bacteria that causes tonsillitis is streptococcus pyogens.
Tonsillitis is an inflammation of the tonsils. It is caused by either a virus or bacteria.
CAUSES OF TONSILLITIS
causes of tonsillitis are mostly by common viruses, but bacterial infections can also be a causative factor.
The most common causing bacteria for tonsillitis is Streptococcus pyogenes, which is also the bacterium that causes strep throat. Other strains of strep and other bacteria can also cause tonsillitis.
The tonsils serve as the immune system’s first line of defence against bacteria and viruses that enter our mouth. This function usually makes the tonsils very vulnerable to infections and inflammation. But this immune function of the tonsils declines after puberty which may account for rare cases of tonsillitis in adults. Other causes of tonsillitis include:
- Influenza virus
- Parainfluenza viruses
- Herpes simplex virus
- Epstein-Barr virus
SYMPTOMS OF TONSILLITIS
The major symptoms of tonsillitis are inflammation and swelling of the tonsils. Sometimes, there are severe enough to block the airways. Other symptoms of tonsillitis include:
- Throat tenderness
- Loss of appetite
- Redness of the tonsils
- Ear pain
- Hoarseness of voice
- A yellow or white coating on the tonsils
- Red, swollen tonsils
- Painful blisters on the throat
- Difficulty in swallowing or breathing through the mouth
- Bad breath
- Abdominal pain particularly in younger children
- Stiff neck
- Sore throat
In young children who are not able to describe how they feel, signs of tonsillitis may include the following:
- Drooling as a result of the pain felt during swallowing
- Refusal to eat anything
- An unusual fussiness
- Difficulty in breathing
TREATMENT FOR TONSILLITIS | MEDICINE FOR TONSILLITIS
Treatment for tonsillitis depends majorly on the cause. Determining the cause may carry out by your doctor, and a rapid strep test or throat swab culture may be performed.
If tests reveal bacteria as the cause, treatment will consist majorly of antibiotics to cure the infection. It is important to take all of the medicine for tonsils infection that is prescribed to you by your doctor to make sure the bacteria are gone. Some of the treatments include;
- Use of antibiotics: example includes penicillin
- Tonsillectomy: This is the surgical removal of the tonsils, which can be used to treat frequently recurring tonsillitis, chronic tonsillitis or even bacterial tonsillitis.
Some at-home care strategies to use during the recovery time include the following:
- Encourage rest
- Provide foods and beverages that are comforting, especially warm liquids
- Provide adequate fluids
- Gargle some salt water
- Avoid irritants as much as possible
- Make use of a humidifier
- Treat the pain and fever. You should talk to your doctor about using acetaminophen, ibuprofen to minimize the pain. You can also read more on causes of tonsillitis here