Depression symptoms makes gets us feeling down and sad which can happen from time to time and can be termed as normal. But when these feelings disrupt your life and stop you from enjoying life to the fullest, feeling you with emptiness and fear that becomes overwhelming, that is depression.
Discussed below are some depression symptoms, causes of depression, depression treatment etc. there have been discussed under headings for better understanding.
Causes of depression
Types of depression
Depression is a serious mood disorder which makes it difficult to function in our day to day activities. Depression can affect your ability to eat, work, and sleep which is quite serious.
It is one of the most common disorders in the world. Having knowledge of how to detect depression and symptoms of depression is very helpful in depression treatment.
CAUSES OF DEPRESSION
Depression and depression symptoms can be caused by a lot of factors, or a combination of factors. Listed below are some causes of depression and depression symptoms.
- Your genetic makeup
- Substance abuse
- Changes in hormone levels
- Some illnesses.
- Loneliness and isolation
- Lack of social support
- Marital or relationship problems
- Financial strain
- Early childhood trauma or abuse
- Unemployment or underemployment
Depression symptoms vary from person to person. Here are some common depression symptoms:
- Feelings of hopelessness
- Feelings of guilt
- Feelings of sadness
- Feelings of helplessness
- Withdrawal from people
- Substance abuse
- Difficulty in making decisions
- Difficulty in concentrating
- Difficulty in remembering
- Missing appointments and commitments
- Weight gain
- Weight loss
- Feelings of causing harm to self
- Sexual problems
- Change in sleeping pattern
- Change in appetite
- Losing interest in day to day activities
- Reckless behaviours
- Pains and aches that cannot be explained
TYPES OF DEPRESSION
Depression symptoms come differently in different people.
Knowing the type of depression you have can help in managing depression symptoms and depression treatment. The types of depression include:
- Major depression: it is characterized by intense symptoms that are relentless. It can last for as long as 6 months when not treated. Major depression can reoccur and most people just experience a single depression episode in their lifetime.
- Dysthymia: this type of depression is a chronic form. The symptoms are not strong, but can last for a long time. The person always feels some mild to moderate form of depression on some days. If you suffer from dysthymia, you begins to feel normal to you.
- Bipolar disorder: this is the type of depression that is manic in characteristics. If you suffer from bipolar disorder, you give having mood changes. One moment you are hyperactive which can last for some weeks and next you are back to feeling depressed.
- Seasonal affective disorder (SAD): some people experience seasonal depression. You feel like a different in seasons, happy and chatty in one season and dull or moody in the next season.
Childbirth can trigger some powerful emotions like feelings of excitement and joy to fear and anxiety. It can also lead to depression.
You experience mood swings, anxiety, crying spells and have a hard time sleeping. It can start few days after childbirth and can last for about two weeks.
It becomes postpartum depression when these feelings are long-lasting. It can be severe but should not be seen as a form of weakness. Early depression treatment is always the best way to go.
There are so many ways for treating depression and depression symptoms. Depression treatment is carried out depending on the presenting depression symptoms and characteristics.
When you are feeling depressed, these tips can come in handy;
- Go out. Regular exercise or taking a short walk never hurts. Pick a hobby you enjoy and keep doing it.
- Eat healthy food. Our diet plays a major role in improving how we feel. Food with Omega-3 fatty acids like salmons, sardines can help in improving your mood. Other foods include banana, spinach. Stay off stuff with caffeine, alcohol, refined carbs etc.
- Talk to a counsellor or trusted friend: talking about your challenges gives you a form of control over yourself. Talking to a friend is also advised as it makes you feel not alone.