Freckles are tanned circular spots, and are also flat. They are typically the size of the head of a common nail. These spots are often so many and may occur on a skin that has been repeatedly exposed to sunlight.
They are often common in people who are fair in complexion. And in areas of their skin which are often exposed to sun such as the nose, cheeks, arms, and upper shoulders. They often appear on people as young as 1 or 2 years of age.
Causes Of Freckles
Freckles are thought to happen as a result of sun exposure and some genetic tendencies. Sunlight and artificial sun-tanning lights emit ultraviolet rays. Long term exposure to UV rays causes the outer layer of the skin which is the epidermis to thicken. This then causes the melanocytes to produce the pigment melanin at accelerated rate.
people with fair skin, blond or red hair, and light-colored eyes, are more prone to the damaging effect of UV rays.
Freckling is caused by the uneven distribution of the pigment in the skin. And a freckle is often nothing more than an unusually heavy deposit of melanin found at one spot in the skin.
How Can Freckles Be Prevented?
The major preventive measures against freckling are aimed at avoiding the sun and also using sun-protection, which include:
- Making use of wide-brimmed hats
- Making use of sunscreens with anSPF (sun protection factor) 50,
- Staying indoors and also seeking shade.
- Making use of sun-protective clothing such as shirts, long sleeves, and long pants, to protect the skin against excess exposure to sunlight.
- Avoiding the hour of 10 a.m. to 4 p.m, when the sun is at its peak.
It is quite easier to prevent freckle than trying to remove them.
Fair complexioned people, who have a tendency for freckling and sunburns, also have an increased risk for developing skin cancers.
What Is The Treatment For Freckles – How To Get Rid Of Freckles
They are several available safe methods to help lighten or reduce the appearance of freckles. Multiple or a combination of treatments may sometimes be needed for best results, and freckle often recur with repeated UV exposures.
- Using fading creams: fading creams which contains kojic acid can be purchased with and without a prescription. Using these products consistently can help to lighten freckles. They also work effectively in combination with sun protection and sun avoidance.
- Use of retinoids: They include;tretinoin (vitamin A acid, Retin-A), adapalene (Differin) and tazarotene (Tazorac). There also help to lighten freckles when applied consistently for some period of time.
- Laser treatment.
- Photo facials or Intense Pulsed Light treatments.
- Chemical peels.
- Always run your treatment methods with your doctor.
- Some the methods listed here on getting rid of freckles may not be effective for your skin type, so it is important you consult your doctor or dermatologist to get the best advice suitable for you.