Gonorrhea symptoms vary in both men and women. It is also called the “drip” or “clap.”
Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted and is also very contagious. Gonorrhea just like the flu can also be spread by contact with infected bodily fluids. This means that a mother could pass on the infection to her newborn during the process of delivery. But the flu can’t be transmitted during birth. Both women and men can get infected with gonorrhea. Gonorrhea also occurs more in people with multiple sex partners.
Causes Of Gonorrhea
The bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae is the causative organism of gonorrhea. It is a bacterium that can easily grow and multiply in the mucous membranes of the body.
The bacteria causing gonorrhea can also grow in the warm, moist areas of the reproductive tract, including the uterus (womb), the cervix (opening to the womb), and the fallopian tubes in women, and also the urethra (this is the tube which carries urine from the bladder to outside the body) in both men and women. The bacteria also grow in the mouth, throat (causing sore throat), and anus.
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Gonorrhea Symptoms | How Do I Know If I Have Gonorrhea?
Not everybody infected with gonorrhea show gonorrhea symptoms. This makes knowing when to seek treatment tricky. When gonorrhea symptoms happen, they are usually within 2 to 10 days after exposure, but can take up to 30 days to develop and some of the gonorrhea symptoms include the following:
Some Gonorrhea Symptoms In Women
Some gonorrhea symptoms in women include:
- Burning sensation when urinating
- Whitish, greenish yellowish discharge from the vagina
- Pelvic pain or lower abdominal pain
- Red and itchy eyes (Conjunctivitis)
- Bleeding between periods
- Spotting after sexual intercourse
- Burning in the throat as a result of oral sex
- Inflammation of the vulva
- Swollen glands, also as a result of oral sex
Some women with gonorrhea discharge may think they have a yeast infection and begin self-treatment with over-the-counter medication for yeast infection.
Gonorrhea Symptoms In Men
Gonorrhea symptoms in men include:
- Burning sensation when urinating
- Whitish, greenish or yellowish discharge from the penis
- Burning sensation in the throat as a result of oral sex
- Inflamed and painful testicles
- Inflamed glands in the throat as a result of oral sex
In men, gonorrhea symptoms often appear 2 to 14 days after getting infected.
How Is Gonorrhea Diagnosed?
Can Gonorrhea Infection Be Cured?
Yes. It can be treated and cured.
Gonorrhea if left untreated can cause some serious and permanent problems in both men and women.
In women, if not treated, it can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease. Which is capable of causing damage to the fallopian tubes, and can also lead to infertility. Untreated gonorrhea in women could also increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy. This is a condition whereby the fertilized egg develops outside the uterus. This condition is a very dangerous for both mother and child.
In men, it can cause epididymitis, which is a very painful condition of the testicles that can also lead to infertility if left untreated. When no prompt treatment is given, gonorrhea can also affect the prostate, leading to scarring inside the urethra, which makes urination difficult and painful.
Gonorrhea can sometimes spread to the joints or blood, and this condition can be life-threatening. People with gonorrhea also contract HIV easily, which is the virus that causes AIDS.
How Can I Prevent Gonorrhea Infection?
To reduce your risk of contracting gonorrhea infection:
- Limit your number of sex partners, and limit your sexual contact to just one uninfected partner
- Make use of condoms and use them correctly each time you have sex.
- If you think you’ve been infected, avoid any sexual contact and see a doctor.
How Is Gonorrhea Treated?
To treat a gonorrhea infection, your doctor may either give you an oral or injectable antibiotic. It is also important your partner get treated at the same time to prevent any reinfection and further spread of the infection.
- You should also take all of your antibiotics medication even when you feel better.
- You should also tell anyone you have recently had sex with about your infection so they can also get treated.
- Do not indulge in sex until you’ve completed taking all of your drugs.
- Always make use of condoms when having sex.