Lupus symptoms become manifested in early adulthood. These symptoms come up and the individual falls sick, and when it subsides, the person feels better. These symptoms are often times dismissed because there are quite similar to other conditions.
What is lupus? These question will be treated below followed by some of the symptoms and treatment.
WHAT IS LUPUS?
Lupus is an autoimmune disease affecting several parts of the body.
It is chronic in nature and also causes inflammation. Every individual is affected differently with some people having mild symptoms and others severe symptoms.
Lupus compromises the immune system, the immune system is the part of our body that fights off foreign bodies like bacteria, virus which is the major job of the immune system.
Lupus being an autoimmune disorder means that the body cannot differentiate between the foreign bodies and the healthy tissues and produces antibodies which attack both healthy tissues and foreign bodies leading to tissue destruction and illness.
These antibodies are called autoantibodies because they attack ‘self’.
It is worthy to note that lupus is not contagious and so cannot be transferred from person to person. It is also not cancer and not related to it or even HIV.
Lupus affects women within the ages of 15-44 years and is more common in women than men.
Just like i wrote in the introductory part, lupus symptoms begins to manifest in early adulthood.
Lupus symptoms are manifested different from person to person, and not everybody gets all the symptoms. Lupus symptoms are different since there affect different parts of the body, and once new symptoms come on, the old symptoms disappear. Some of the symptoms include:
- Achy joints (arthralgia)
- Unexplained fever
- Inflamed joints
- Extreme fatigue
- Skin rash
- Chest pain during deep breathing
- Butterfly-shaped rash found on the nose and cheeks
- Sores found in mouth or nose
- Alopecia (hair loss)
- The person becomes sensitive to sunlight or other light
- Kidney inflammation
- Gastrointestinal problems
- Thyroid problems
- Dry mouth
- Dry eyes
- Weight loss
Lupus rashes are the most evident signs of lupus symptoms. This lupus symptom presents in a butterfly shape across the cheek and nose.
Most people with lupus experience this rash and it happens when the person’s skin is exposed to sunlight or before the person falls sick.
Lupus rash can be non-itchy and hardly breaks into hives. Lupus rash is aggravated by sunlight.
Lupus treatment can be carried out with the following class of drug:
- Anti-inflammatory drugs examples: Aspirin, Acetaminophen
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like Ibuprofen (Motrin®), naproxen (Naprosyn®), indomethacin (Indocin®), nabumetone (Relafen®), and celecoxib (Celebrex®).
- Antimalarials drugs examples include; hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil®) and chloroquine (Aralen®).
- These drugs have some unique side effect and should be used according to doctor’s prescription. Example include; cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan), Methotrexate, Azathioprine