Morning sickness symptoms are often characterized by nausea. These symptoms comes sometimes with or without vomiting.
Morning sickness is another name for nausea that occurs during pregnancy. Although the name is “morning” sickness. It can happen at any time of the day and even night.
Morning sickness affects a large proportion of pregnant. And it is very common during the first trimester. Morning sickness can also linger throughout pregnancy in some women.
Treatment is not needed in some cases. Home remedies which can provide relief from nause include sipping ginger ale and snacking.
When morning sickness becomes severe, it is classified as hyperemesis gravidarum. Hyperemesis gravidarum sometimes require hospitalization and treatment with intravenous (IV) fluids and medications.
Causes Of Morning Sickness
Morning sickness causes are not quite clear. Some changes in pregnancy hormones may play a role. Medical conditions such as liver disease or thyroid disease can cause severe nausea or vomiting. This may not related to the pregnancy.
Morning Sickness Symptoms
Morning sickness symptoms are most common during the first trimester. The symptoms sometimes start as early as two weeks after conception.
When To Visit Your Doctor
Talk to your doctor if any of the following happens:
- When you begin to vomit blood.
- If your nausea or vomiting is severe.
- When you experience palpitations or if your heart races.
- If your urine is dark in color.
- When you pass only a small amount of urine.
- If you get dizzy spells or if you faint whenever you stand up.
- If you can’t seem to keep down liquids.
How Long Does Morning Sickness Last?
Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy often start around the 6th week and stops around the 12th week of pregnancy. Some women may still have the queasiness even after the 12th week. This quesiness may last up to their 20th week. Nausea and vomiting may last longer in some women. The discomforts may still be present until the end of pregnancy.
Risk Factors Of Morning Sickness
Morning sickness affects pregnant women. But you may be more prone to for the following reasons:
- If you experience nausea or vomiting from migraines, motion sickness, and exposure to estrogen in birth. control pills before pregnancy, a certain taste, and certain smells.
- When you are pregnant with twins or other multiple pregnancies.
- If you had experienced morning sickness during a previous pregnancy.
You might have a tendency to experience hyperemesis gravidarum for some of the reasons below.
- If you have a family history of hyperemesis gravidarum.
- When you are pregnant with a girl child.
- If you experienced hyperemesis gravidarum during a previous pregnancy.
Tests And Diagnosis For Morning Sickness
- Diagnosis for morning sickness is based on the presenting symptoms.
- Various urine and blood tests may be needed if hyperemesis gravidarum is suspected.
- An ultrasound is done to get a confirmation of the number of fetuses.
- An ultrasound is also used to detect underlying conditions that may be contributing to nausea.
Treatments And Drugs For Morning Sickness
Medications for morning sickness is usually not needed. Antihistamines, anti-nausea drugs, and vitamin B-6 supplements may be prescribed by your doctor if the symptoms persist.
Talk to your doctor about morning sickness medications if your morning sickness is severe. The Food and Drug Administration approved the combination of pyridoxine (Diclegis) and doxylamine for the treatment of nausea in pregnancy. When taking this drug, avoid any activity that such as driving which requires you to be mentally alert, since drowsiness is a side effect.
Hyperemesis gravidarum treatment is carried out by using intravenous fluids and anti-nausea medications in the hospital.