Psoriasis treatment is done with some treatment options. The treatment options help to reduce the irritated and inflamed skin. This condition is managed, and they are no known cure for it. Psoriasis is a skin condition which can affect anyone.
According to the National Psoriasis Foundation, it’s a common skin condition and is more common in people between the ages of 15 and 35. This condition makes your skin cells grow faster than normal.
The body develops new skin cells to replace skin that flakes or a family off. This is a natural process. When you have this psoriasis, new skin cells develop within days rather than in weeks.
This fast growth makes dead skin cells to build up on the surface of the skin. And results in thick patches of dry, red, and itchy skin.
Psoriasis is a chronic condition, but symptoms may improve over time.
The main cause of psoriasis is not fully known. But it’s believed to be related to the genes and immune system which may add to the condition. Your body’s T-cells which is a type of white blood cell fights bacteria and viruses normally. But in this condition, they may begin to attack healthy skin cells. And it causes your body to raise its production of new skin cells while responding to the attack. These new skin cells that are produced moves to the outer layer of your skin before dead cells are shed. This then triggers scaly skin patches.
This condition is not contagious. But it can also run in families.
Psoriasis starts or gets worse because of a trigger which can also be identified and avoided. Some factors that may trigger it also include:
- Like skin infections or strep throat (Which causes a sore throat).
- Cold weather
- Injury to the skin. Like a bug bite, cut or scrape, or a severe sunburn
- Heavy alcohol consumption
- Some drugs. Like lithium, that is given for bipolar disorder, hypertension drugs like beta blockers, antimalarial drugs and also iodides.
Signs and symptoms vary in people. But it may also include the following:
- Itching, soreness, and burning
- Red patches of skin which are covered with silvery scales
- Dry and cracked skin which may also bleed
- Small scaling spots which can be seen in kids
- Pitted, thickened or ridged nails
- Stiff and swollen joints
Some types of psoriasis go through cycles and flare for a few weeks or months. It then subsides for a period of time or even goes into complete remission.
Risk Factors For Psoriasis
Some common risk factors include:
- A family history of the condition
- Having a bacterial or viral infection
- Stress that is uncontrolled
- Use of some drugs. Like the once used to hypertension and treat bipolar disorder.
Types Of Psoriasis
Different types of psoriasis exist, and it can happen on the nails, joints and scalp.
According to a study by the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD), about 7.5 million people have psoriasis in the United States. The types include:
- Inverse Psoriasis
This is the type that causes red lesions in body folds. Like the groin, armpits, around the genitals and also under the breast. It gets worse by sweating and friction.
- Plaque Psoriasis
This type is common. It causes dry, raised and red lesions on the skin. Skin patches can be itchy and painful. And can also happen anywhere on the body like the soft tissues in your mouth and also your genitals.
- Guttate Psoriasis
This type can begin in childhood or early adulthood. It’s often triggered by a bacterial infection such as strep throat which also causes a sore throat.
- Erythrodermic Psoriasis
This type is quite rare. It can cover all parts of your body with widespread pain, redness, and also intense itching.
- Pustular Psoriasis
This type is not common. It causes red skin and white blisters in smaller areas of the feet, hands and also fingertips. The patches are widespread in appearance. This type of psoriasis can also cause chills, fever, intense itching and diarrhea.
- Nail psoriasis
This type can affect the toenails and also fingernails. This causes pitting, and an abnormal discoloration and nail growth. The affected nails may get loose and separate from the nail bed (onycholysis).
- Scalp psoriasis
When psoriasis occurs on the scalp, it becomes itchy, red, itchy with silvery-white scales. The scaly or red areas may also spread beyond the hairline.
- Psoriatic arthritis
This causes discolored, pitted nails, swollen and also scaly skin. Painful and swollen joints common in arthritis are also found. This disease can also cause stiffness and progressive damage to the joint. And can also lead to permanent deformity in serious cases.
There’s no known way to avoid psoriasis. But the flare-ups can be reduced by following your doctor’s treatment plan and advice. And by also preventing some triggers like smoking and stress.
You can talk to your doctor if you have any symptoms of psoriasis or if the condition causes mood problems or depression.
Psoriasis makes you more prone to getting some illnesses. Some problems of psoriasis also include an increased risk for:
- Type 2 diabetes. If the psoriasis is severe, the likelihood of type 2 diabetes gets bigger.
- Cardiovascular disease.When you have psoriasis, the risk of a heart attack gets greater than in people without the disease. The tendency of an irregular heartbeats and stroke is also great psoriasis.
- Obesity. People with the condition are more likely to be obese. The swelling linked to obesity plays a part in the development of psoriasis.
- High blood pressure. The risk of getting high blood pressure is high in persons with psoriasis.
- Parkinson’s disease. This is a chronic neurological condition. It is more likely to happen in people with psoriasis.
- Kidney disease.The risk of this condition is higher in people with moderate to severe psoriasis.
- Autoimmune diseases. Like celiac disease, Crohn’s disease Lupus and sclerosis. These conditions are more likely to occur in people with psoriasis.
- Eye conditions. Like blepharitis, conjunctivitis and also uveitis.
- Metabolic syndrome. This is a cluster of conditions. Like hypertension, abnormal cholesterol level and elevated insulin levels. When you have psoriasis, your risk for metabolic syndrome increases.
- Psoriatic arthritis. The problem of psoriasis causes a loss of function in some joints and joint damage. This condition can be debilitating.
Psoriasis can also occur in any part of your body. It can also affect the quality of your life by increasing your risk for:
- Social isolation
- Low self-esteem
There is no known cure for psoriasis. With psoriasis treatment, the swelling and skin irritation can be reduced. Below are some treatment options.
This type of psoriasis treatment exposes your skin to artificial or natural ultraviolet light. This therapy is done under medical supervision. It also helps to slow the growth of new skin cells.
Your doctor may prescribe psoriasis creams or ointments for your scalp or skin. They include:
- Topical corticosteroids
- Topical retinoids
- Vitamin D analogues
- Salicylic acid
Drugs can also be used for psoriasis treatment. When the condition is bad or if it doesn’t respond to other psoriaisis treatment, drugs may be prescribed by your doctor. This is to suppress your immune system.
Always discuss your psoriasis treatment options with your doctor.