Risk factors for hypertension are those factors that predispose you to developing hypertension.
Hypertension occurs more in elderly people but can also occur in pregnant women resulting in a condition known as pre-eclampsia.
Types of hypertension
Symptoms of hypertension
Risk factor for hypertension
Complications of hypertension
Treatments and drugs for hypertension
Lifestyle changes to make
Hypertension a common condition found in elderly people.
Here, the pressure of blood on the artery walls becomes very high, enough to cause health problems, such as heart disease.
Our blood pressure is determined by the amount of blood that is heart pumped by the heart, and the force of resistance to the blood flow in your arteries. When your heart pumps more blood and your arteries are small, the pressure of your blood increases.
TYPES OF HYPERTENSION
Hypertension is classified into two types;
Primary (Essential hypertension)
The cause of this type is unknown. It develops gradually for many years.
This type of hypertension is as a result of an underlying condition. This type of high blood pressure can appear suddenly and can result in a higher blood pressure than primary hypertension. Some of the conditions that can lead to secondary hypertension include:
- Obstructive sleep apnea
- Thyroid problems
- Congenital malformation
- Kidney problems
- Tumors of the adrenal gland
- Some drugs such as Nsaids, birth control pills, cold remedies, and decongestants.
- Hard drugs such as cocaine and amphetamines
- Substance abuse
This is elevated blood pressure as a result of a renal disease
SYMPTOMS OF HYPERTENSION
Most times, people with high blood pressure show no signs or symptoms, even when it becomes very dangerous, while some of the symptoms of hypertension will only become evident when it reaches a dangerous level. Some of these symptoms include;
- Dizzy spells
- Shortness of breath
- Nose bleeding
RISK FACTORS FOR HYPERTENSION
Risk factors for hypertension are many and includes the following:
- You have an increased risk for developing hypertension as you age
- Hypertension is pretty common among blacks than whites.
- Hypertension can run in families.
- Risk for developing hypertension is high when you put more weight, giving your heart more work load.
- When you practice a sedentary lifestyle.People who are not active have a higher risk for developing hypertension because there is no activity going on.
- When you are using tobacco.Tobacco releases some chemicals that constrict your arteries increasing the force exerted on the heart, thereby including the risk factors for hypertension in you.
- When you consume lots of salt (sodium) in your food.Sodium encourages fluid retention which causes an increase in blood pressure.
- Little or no potassium in your food.Potassium brings a balance to the sodium in your system, keeping them at equilibrium. So, when you lack potassium, sodium begins to accumulate in your blood.
- Little or no vitamin D in your system.
- Drinking lots of alcohol; drinking too much alcohol can damage your heart. Drink moderately.
- Some chronic conditions; chronic conditions like kidney disease, diabetes and sleep apnea increases your risk of developing hypertension.
- Pregnancy in some people can also contribute to developing hypertension. (Pre-eclampsia).
COMPLICATIONS OF HYPERTENSION
An uncontrolled hypertension can result to:
- Heart attack or stroke
- Cognitive problems
- Heart failure
- Metabolic syndrome
- Vision impairment
- Erectile dysfunction
TREATMENTS AND DRUGS
Eating healthy foods and eliminating unhealthy lifestyles is very essential in treating hypertension. Some drugs that can be used in treating high blood pressure include;
- Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
- Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs)
- Calcium channel blockers
- Renin inhibitors
LIFESTYLE CHANGES TO MAKE
Some lifestyle changes you can make to help prevent and control and prevent hypertension include the following:
- Eat healthy foods.
- Reducing your salt in your diet.
- Reducing your alcohol intake
- Keep fit and maintain a healthy weight
- Quit smoking
- Learn to manage stress and stressful situations
- Increase physical activity
- Learn to monitor your blood pressure at home
- Practice relaxation exercises
- Practice slow and deep breathing
- Getting regular aerobic exercise