Sinus infection symptoms may include fever, fatigue, cough, dental pains.
Sinusitis is a swelling or an inflammation of the tissues which lines the sinuses. Normally, the sinuses are filled with air, but when they become blocked and filled with germs (bacteria, fungi, and virus) fluid, and these germs can grow to cause an infection.
Causes Of Sinusitis
Conditions which can cause a sinus blockage include the flu (common cold), allergic rhinitis (this is the inflammation of the lining of the nose), nasal polyps (these are small growths in the lining of the sinus), or a shift in the nasal cavity ( a deviated septum).
Sinus Infection Symptoms
Sinus infection symptoms are determined by the type of sinusitis. Some sinus infection symptoms include:
- A runny nose
- Stuffy nose
- Facial pain which starts suddenly and does not go away after 10 to 14 days.
- Loss of smell
- Dental pain
- Thick, yellow, or greenish nasal discharge.
- A feeling of fullness or congestion in your face
- A nasal obstruction
- Pus found in the nasal cavity
- Nasal discharges or a discolored postnasal drainage
- Bad breath
Types of Sinusitis
The types of sinus infections include:
- Acute Sinus Infection
Acute sinus infection symptoms include some cold-like symptoms such as:
- A runny nose
- Stuffy nose
- Facial pain which starts suddenly and does not go away after
- Subacute Sinus Infection
Subacute sinus infection symptoms usually last from 4 to 8 weeks.
- Chronic Sinus Infection
Chronic sinus infection symptoms usually last 8 weeks or longer.
- Recurrent Sinus Infection
The individual experience several attacks within a year.
Risk Factors For Sinusitis
People who are more likely to get sinusitis are
- People with swelling inside the nose like from a common cold
- People with blocked drainage ducts
- People with some structural differences that narrow those ducts
- People with nasal polyps
- People with deficiencies with their immune system
- People who are taking some medications that suppress their immune system.
- Severe allergies
- Smoking or inhaling smoke from the environment
Complications Of Sinusitis
When your sinusitis isn’t treated, some of the complications that may arise include:
· Severe pain
· Lots of discomforts
· Brain abscess
· Infection of the bone.
Diagnosis Of Sinusitis
After your sinus infection symptoms have been considered, you will be given a physical examination by your doctor. Your sinusitis may be pressed for tenderness, and your teeth tapped to check if you have an inflamed paranasal sinus.
Read more on the diagnosis of sinusitis here.
Treatment Of Sinusitis
Treatment of sinusitis depends on the particular case.
Acute sinusitis. If you have an acute sinus infection, your doctor may recommend the use of decongestant medications and also steam inhalations.
It is important you do not use an over-the-counter decongestant for more than a few days, though, since it can make you more congested.
If you are given antibiotics by your doctor, you’ll probably have to take them for 10 to 14 days. The sinus infection symptoms often disappears with treatment.
Chronic sinusitis. Warm moist air will do you good. You can also inhale steam from a bowl of warm water or make use of a vaporizer. Warm compresses can also provide some relief from a sinus infection, thereby easing the pain in the nose and sinuses. Saline nose drops can also be used at home and are safe. Over-the-counter decongestant sprays or nose drops could also provide some relief, but should not be taken longer than prescribed.
Your doctor may also prescribe some steroids or antibiotics in some cases.
Other Treatment Options
If you usually have allergies, your doctor may prescribe some antihistamine or an antifungal medicine if a fungus is a causative factor.
You may be given immunoglobulin (antibodies) by your doctor if you have some immune deficiencies.