Symptoms of asthma vary in people. You can get infrequent asthma attacks and the symptoms sometimes, like during exercise. The symptoms of asthma can also come all the time.
Asthma is a condition in which your airways is small and swollen and also produce plenty mucus. This makes breathing hard and trigger cough, shortness of breath and also wheezing.
Asthma can’t be cured. But the symptoms can be managed. Asthma symptoms are made worse by the cold, bronchitis, pneumonia emphysema, allergy. Although, pneumonia is unrelated to this topic.
Symptoms Of Asthma
Asthma symptoms also vary in people. Symptoms of asthma include:
- Shortness of breath.
- Trouble sleeping.
- Chest pain.
- A wheezing sound when exhaling (This is common in kids).
Signs that your asthma is getting bad include:
- Symptoms of asthma that are more often and bothersome.
- Increased difficulty in breathing.
- The need to use your quick-relief inhaler often
Symptoms of asthma can also flare up in some situations:
- During exercise. This also gets worse when the air is dry and cold.
- At your workplace. It can be triggered by irritants like dust, chemical fumes or gases.
- It can also be triggered by allergens like pollen or pet dander.
This is likely due to a mixture of environmental and genetic factors.
Exposure to some irritants that trigger allergies (allergens) can cause symptoms of asthma. These triggers vary in people and include:
- Airborne allergens. Like mold, pollen, dust mites and animal dander.
- Cold air.
- Respiratory infections. Like the flu.
- Some drugs. Like aspirin, beta blockers, naproxen (Aleve) and ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB).
- Air irritants. Like smoke and dust.
- Strong emotions.
- Preservatives added to some foods and beverages. Like beer, shrimp, wine, dried fruit and also processed potatoes.
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
Risk Factors Of Asthma
A lot of factors also raise your chances of getting asthma. Like:
- Having a parent or sibling with asthma.
- Allergic conditions. Like; allergic rhinitis (hay fever) and atopic dermatitis.
- Exposure to fumes.
- Exposure second-hand smoke.
- Risk of triggers. Like chemicals for farming, hairdressing and manufacturing
Complications Of Asthma
Asthma problems include:
- Symptoms which interfere with work, sleep, work and other activities.
- Bad asthma attacks that needs immediate hospitalization.
- Side effects as a result of long-term use of some drugs used to manage harsh asthma.
Proper medicine for asthma treatment also helps in preventing both short and long-term problems caused by asthma.
Asthma Treatments And Drugs
Treatment often involves knowing your triggers. Taking steps to also avoid the triggers and also tracking your breathing to ensure your daily asthma drugs keeps the symptoms under control.
Medicine for asthma for you depends on things like the symptoms, your age, triggers. And also what works best to get your asthma under check.
Fast-relief inhalers (bronchodilators) quickly open inflamed airways that are limiting breathing. Allergy medications are needed in some cases.
Long-Term Asthma Control Drugs.
- This medicine for asthma keeps asthma on check.
- These asthma medicines are taken daily.
- They are the cornerstone of asthma treatment.
- They make it less likely for you to have an asthma attack.
- Types of long-term control drug include:
- Inhaled corticosteroids.They are anti-inflammatory drugs. And include:
- Beclomethasone (Qnasl, Qvar).
- Fluticasone (Flonase, Flovent HFA).
- Fluticasone furoate (Arnuity Ellipta).
- Budesonide (Pulmicort Flexhaler, Rhinocort).
- Flunisolide (Aerospan HFA).
- Ciclesonide (Alvesco, Omnaris, Zetonna).
- Mometasone (Asmanex)
- Leukotriene modifiers.They are oral drugs. And include:
- Zafirlukast (Accolate).
- Montelukast (Singulair).
- Zileuton (Zyflo).
- This drugs help relieve symptoms of asthma for up to 24 hours.
- Long-acting beta agonists.These are inhaled drugs. They also open the airway. They include:
- formoterol (Foradil, Perforomist).
- Salmeterol (Serevent).
- Combination inhalers.These drugs include:
- Budesonide-formoterol (Symbicort).
- Fluticasone-salmeterol (Advair Diskus).
- Formoterol-mometasone (Dulera).
- Theophylline. They include:
- Theophylline (Theo-24, Elixophyllin, others).
- It is a daily drug.
- It also keeps the airways open by relaxing the muscles around the airways.
- It’s not used as often before.
Quick-Relief (Rescue) Drugs.
- They are also used for rapid relief during an asthma attack.
- It also used before exercise if your doctor says so.
- They are also in types, and include:
- Short-acting beta agonists.
- They act in minutes to rapidly ease asthma symptoms during an asthma attack. They include:
- Albuterol (ProAir HFA, Ventolin HFA, others).
- Levalbuterol (Xopenex).
- Ipratropium (Atrovent).
- Ipratropium acts fast to relax your airways, making it easier to breathe.
- It is mostly used for chronic bronchitis and emphysema.
- It’s also used to treat asthma attacks.
- Oral and intravenous corticosteroids.These drugs include:
- Prednisone and methylprednisolone.
- They relieve inflamed airway caused by severe asthma.
- They also cause serious side effects when used long term.
- They help if your asthma is caused or worsened by allergies. These include:
- Immunotherapy (Allergy shots).
- Allergy shots slowly reduce your immune system reaction to some allergens.
- Omalizumab (Xolair).
- This drug is given as an injection every 2 to 4 weeks.
- It is designed for persons with harsh asthma and allergies.
- They also act by changing the immune system.
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