Symptoms of fever are identifiable signs that occur when an individual has a fever.
Fever is not an illness as is widely believed, but a symptom of some medical conditions which might be serious.
Symptoms of fever can be treated to bring some relieve for the individual who has a fever.
Fever also known as a high fever or a high temperature is not an illness by itself. It is usually a symptom of an underlying condition, most likely an infection.
Fever is usually associated with discomfort which is felt physically and almost everybody feels better whenever the fever is treated.
Depending on your age, physical condition, and the underlying cause or causes of your fever, you may or may not likely require medical treatment for the fever alone.
Experts believe that fever is a natural bodily defence against infection. This is to say that fever is the body’s natural way of fighting against infections and other non-infectious causes which may trigger fever.
Fever is not considered dangerous, but hyperthermia can cause dangerous rises in your body temperature. This is as a result of an extreme temperature which is associated with heat injuries such as heat stroke, side effects of some medications or illicit drugs, and stroke.
When the body suffers from hyperthermia, the body becomes unable to control its temperature.
In children, some of the accompanying symptoms of fever include lethargy, fussiness, poor appetite, ear pain, cough, sore throat, vomiting, and diarrhea. And it is very important that you relay this to your doctor.
SYMPTOMS OF FEVER
According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, if you have an infant that is younger than 4 months old with a rectal temperature of 100.4 F or above, you should immediately call a doctor or go to the nearest emergency room. This is because a body temperature that high could be a sign of a potentially life-threatening infection.
You should also call your doctor or go to the emergency room if your child has a fever that is above 104 F.
High fever can likely cause symptoms of fever like seizures in young children.
Call your doctor right away if your child has a fever and shows some of the symptoms of fever below:
- A very sick look
- Sore throat
- Stiff neck
- Ear ache
- A weakened immune system
- Other medical problems
You should call your doctor if the symptoms of fever last more than a day in a child less than 2 years old or lasts more than 3 days in a child of 2 years or older.
CAUSES OF FEVER
The part of the brain called the hypothalamus controls body temperature, which varies usually throughout the day from the normal temperature of 98.6 F.
In response to infections, illness, or some other causes, the hypothalamus is likely to reset the body to a higher temperature, which leads to some of the symptoms of fever.
The most common causes of fever are common infections such as gastroenteritis and colds. Other causes of fever include:
- Infections of the ear, skin, lung, bladder, throat or kidney
- Conditions that causes inflammation
- Side effects of certain drugs
- Blood clots
- Autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and inflammatory bowel disease
- Hormone disorders such as in hyperthyroidism
- Illegal drugs such as cocaine and amphetamines
DIAGNOSIS OF FEVER
Although fever is easy to measure, determining the cause can be quite hard. Besides a physical exam which is carried out by a doctor, your doctor may also ask you about some of the symptoms of fever, about the medications you’ve taken and if you’ve recently traveled to areas with infections or infection risks. A malaria infection, for example, which is caused by the mosquito parasite, may have a fever that typically recurs.
There are some areas of the U.S. are hotspots for infections such as Lyme disease and Rocky Mountain spotted fever.
Sometimes, you may have a fever that is of an unknown origin. In cases like that, the cause may be an unusual or a less obvious condition such as a chronic infection, cancer, a connective tissue disorder, or other problem.
TREATMENTS OF FEVER | DRUGS
Treatments of fever vary, depending on the causative factor of the fever.
Some of the drugs used are as follows
- Antibiotics are used for bacterial infections such as in strep throat, sore throat
- Over- the- counter drugs which are used in the most common treatments for fever include drugs such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) and naproxen (Aleve).
It is important to note that children and teens should not be allowed to take aspirin because aspirin is linked to a condition called Reye’s syndrome.