Vertigo symptoms can be felt mostly as spinning, ringing in the ear.
These symptoms can be very discomforting, causes bouts of nausea and dizziness.
WHAT IS VERTIGO?
Vertigo is when you have a sensation of spinning. You may have dizzy spells and feel like the room is spinning
CAUSES OF VERTIGO
Vertigo is mostly caused by an inner ear problem but is also a symptom of several different conditions. There are two different types of vertigo, known as peripheral and central vertigo.
This type of vertigo is very common and is often as a result of a problem with the balance mechanism of your inner ear. This type of vertigo is commonly caused by;
- Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV); this is among the most common causes of vertigo. It sometimes occurs during specific head movements.
- Head injury
- Vestibular neuronitis
- Meniere’s disease
- Certain types of medications
This type of vertigo is caused by problems in some part of your brains, such as the cerebellum which is located at the bottom of the brain or the brain stem which is the lower part of the brain that is connected to the spinal cord. Some of the causes of central vertigo include:
- Multiple sclerosis: This is a condition which affects the central nervous system (the brain and the spinal cord).
- Migraines: This is a severe headache which is usually a throbbing pain felt at the front or on one side of your head. This is usually common in younger people.
- Acoustic neuroma: this is a rare benign brain tumour which grows around or on the acoustic nerve, which is the nerve responsible for hearing and balance.
- A transient ischaemic attack (TIA) or stroke; this is where the part of the blood supplied to the brain is cut off.
- A brain tumor
- Taking some type of medication.
Vertigo symptoms are often triggered by some type of change in the position of your head. Some of the vertigo symptoms include:
- Been pulled to one direction
- Feelings of nausea
- Abnormal eye movements (nystagmus)
- Ringing in the ears
These vertigo symptoms can last for a few minutes to a few hours or more and may come and go.
MEDICATION FOR VERTIGO | TREATMENT
Treatment for vertigo depends on the causative factor. Vertigo can go without treatment in some cases since the brain may be able to adapt to changes in the inner ear. Most of the medications given are mainly to relieve the vertigo symptoms. Vertigo medications include the following:
- Clonazepam (Klonopin)
- Ondansetron (Zofran)
- Diazepam (Valium)
- Lorazepam (Ativan)
- Metoclopramide (Reglan)
- Promethazine hydrochloride (Phenergan)
- Meclizine hydrochloride (Antivert)
- Scopolamine transdermal patch (Transderm- Scop)
- Diphenhydramine (Benadryl)
- Dimenhydrinate (Dramamine)
You should only take these medications as directed and under the supervision of a doctor. Most of these medications can cause drowsiness and should not be taken before driving or working.
You can also get vestibular rehab if you have recurrent bouts of vertigo. It helps in training your other senses to compensate for vertigo.
If the vertigo is caused by an infection or inflammation, antibiotics ar steroids may be given to reduce the swelling and cure the infection and relieve the vertigo symptoms.
Surgery may also be required in few cases. You can also read more on vertigo here